Common Causes of Pain in the Lower Abdomen

The pain in the lower abdomen is common with most people considering it a nuisance to their health regardless of their age or sex. The sensation may be cause for concern but in many cases is not a cause for alarm and can be fixed. This information is concerned with the possible causes of pain in the lower abdomen and the time when you should consult with a physician.

Potential Causes:

  • Digestive Issues: IBS bowel syndromes with conditions such as indigestion, constipation, wind together with belly cramps all contribute to the discomfort in the lower abdomen. To get help with digestive problems visit the best Gastroenterologist in Lahore.
  • Menstrual Cramps: Mentioned below are some of the PMS symptoms; pain in the lower abdomen is quite common at this stage.
  • Appendicitis: This inflammation of the appendix most commonly originating from around the umbilicus and going down to the lower right quadrant which is in the abdominal cavity and this has symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, and fever. If you have this condition visit your nearest hospital immediately for treatment.
  • Urinary Tract Issues: Both UTIs and kidney stones are associated with pain in the lower abdomen, burning sensation during urge and passing of urine , and red or brownish coloration of urine.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): This infection of the female reproductive organs involves lower abdominal pain, pain in the pelvic region, and abnormally discharging genital region. Due to the symptoms/s of PID, one should see a doctor.
  • Ovarian Cysts: We sort of see that the small cysts on the ovaries do not cause much pain but huge cysts may result in lower abdominal pains.

Warning Signs and When to Seek Help:

  • Sudden and severe pain: It may suggest one has appendicitis or a ruptured ovarian cyst among others.
  • Pain accompanied by fever, nausea, or vomiting: These symptoms can be indicative of a myriad of health concerns and should not be ignored.
  • Persistent pain that lasts for several days: If in any case you notice that the pain is not easing or even intensifying, then it is advisable to seek medical attention.
  • Pain during pregnancy: Any kind of pain during the pregnancy should not be ignored as they may be a sign that you should see the doctor to determine the health of both the mother and the baby.
  • Unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding: These are other symptoms that may be as a result of an infection or some other complication that needs medical attention.


There are many causes of lower abdominal pain. In this article we have listed the main causes such as digestive issues, appendicitis, UTIs and ovarian cysts etc to help you nail down the cause of your concerns. However, for an accurate diagnosis it is recommended to visit a gastroenterologist in Karachi to get the proper treatment that is suitable for you.

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